Dataset for: DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex inhibits TRAIL-induced apoptosis by promoting TRAF2-mediated polyubiquitination of caspase-8 in gastric cancer cells

Ubiquitination of caspase-8 regulates TRAIL sensitivity in cancer cell, and the preligand assembly complex plays a role in caspase-8 polyubiquitination. However, whether such a complex exists in gastric cancer cells and its role in TRAIL-triggered apoptosis is unclear. In the present study, DR5, Cbl-b/c-Cbl, and TRAF2 formed a complex in TRAIL-resistant gastric cancer cells, and Cbl-b and c-Cbl were the critical adaptors linking DR5 and TRAF2. Treatment with TRAIL induced caspase-8 translocation into the DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex to interact with TRAF2, which then mediated the K48-linked polyubiquitination of caspase-8. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib markedly enriched the p43/41 products of caspase-8 activated by TRAIL, indicating proteasomal degradation of caspase-8. Moreover, TRAF2 knockdown prevented the polyubiquitination of caspase-8, and thus increased TRAIL sensitivity. In addition, the inhibition of Cbl-b or c-Cbl expression and overexpression of miR-141 targeting Cbl-b and c-Cbl partially reversed TRAIL resistance by inhibiting the interaction of TRAF2 and caspase-8 and the subsequent polyubiquitination of caspase-8. These results indicate that the DR5-Cbl-b/c-Cbl-TRAF2 complex inhibited TRAIL-induced apoptosis by promoting TRAF2-mediated polyubiquitination of caspase-8 in gastric cancer cells.