Dataset for: Evidence for the Origin of the Binaural Interaction Component of the Auditory Brainstem Response

2019-09-08T08:14:34Z (GMT) by Sandra Tolnai Georg M. Klump
The binaural interaction component (BIC) represents the mismatch between auditory brainstem responses (ABR) obtained with binaural stimulation and the sum of ABRs obtained with monaural left and right stimulation. It is generally assumed that the BIC reflects binaural integration. Its potential use as a diagnostic tool, however, is hampered by the lack of direct evidence about its origin. While an origin at the initial site of binaural integration seems likely, there is no general agreement on the contribution of the two primary candidate nuclei, the lateral and medial superior olives (LSO and MSO, respectively). Here, we recorded local field potentials (LFP) and responses of units in the LSO and MSO of Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus), presenting clicks with an interaural time or level difference (ITD and ILD, respectively), while simultaneously recording ABR. We determined the BIC from the ABR and, importantly, from LFP and responses of units in the LSO and MSO. If stimulus-induced changes in the ABR-derived BIC have their source in the LSO and/or MSO, we expect coherent changes in the unit-derived and the ABR-derived BIC. We find that BIC obtained from LSO units exhibit the same ITD and ILD dependence as the ABR-derived BIC. Neither BIC obtained from MSO units nor LFP-derived BIC recorded in either LSO or MSO did. The data thus strongly suggest that it is the activity of LSO units in the gerbil that is decisive for the generation of the ABR-derived BIC, determining its properties.